From a soothing beverage to beauty elixir, rooibos tea is one versatile brew, and now researchers have discovered that it can also undo some of the damage caused by the sun’s harmful rays.
For the past 11 years, scientists from the South African Medical Research Council (MRC) and Cape Peninsula University of Technology (CPUT) have been involved in studying how rooibos protects against inflammation in skin cells, since chronic inflammation is one of the hallmarks of skin cancer development.
Professor Wentzel Gelderblom, based at CPUT’s Institute of Biomedical and Microbial Biotechnology at Tygerberg Hospital, has been one of the lead researchers involved in the study. He says once the skin has been exposed to the sun’s ultra-violet (UV) rays, rooibos extracts have the ability to remove precancerous damaged cells and also block the onset of inflammation.
“It does so by stopping the multiplication of cancerous cells and removing these cells through programmed cell death, in other words, prompting them to commit suicide,” he said.
The professor says it’s the abundance of antioxidants found in rooibos that gives it its restorative power. These compounds are linked with the prevention of various chronic disorders, including skin cancer.
However, Professor Gelderblom says there are still a number of tests that need to be done before an after-sun skincare product is brought to market.
“We are currently developing biomarkers, representing critical biological processes of how rooibos tea protects against skin cancer. This will then be tested on mouse skin before commencing trials in humans.”
The biomarkers will help to assess rooibos’ protective effects in very small skin tissues, which will eventually be used to conduct the mouse and clinical trials in humans.
“Doing so will also help us to more precisely determine the quantity of Rooibos extract needed to prevent the development of skin cancer. Preliminary findings show that rooibos extracts are more effective during the early stages of skin cancer development as they are able to facilitate the removal of UVB damaged cells thereby delaying their progression into a tumour,” he said.
South Africa has one of the highest rates of skin cancer in the world with about 20 000 reported cases every year, which results in more than 700 deaths.
Professor Gelderblom said people who do spend a lot of time in the sun should consider using an after-sun skincare product containing rooibos extract. However, care should be exercised, as these products should be validated first.
For more information on rooibos’s healing potential, visit www.sarooibos.co.za